Diamonds have become synonymous with love that lasts a lifetime. From engagement rings to beautifully crafted diamond necklaces, earrings, and even watches embellished with the precious gemstone, they remain one of the most sought-after gemstones. What makes a diamond so special that it captures the heart and imagination of all who see it? While we may never know the exact answer to this timeless question, our diamond experts have uncovered 10 interesting facts about the precious stones that reveal their incredible history and science. Here are 10 fun facts about diamonds that you may not already know:
1. The Oldest Diamond Is Around 3.3 Billion Years Old
Diamonds have been around much longer than the human race. The planet Earth is estimated to be about 4.5 billion years old and has undergone some incredible changes in its lifetime. Due to the rapid heating, cooling, and changing of the earth, the oldest diamond is recorded to be about 3.3 billion years old. It is incredible to see that these precious stones were around for many of the earth’s most significant events, such as the meteor that took out the dinosaurs, the separation of Pangea, the formation of many countries, and more, all the way to the present-day.
2. A Candle Flame Contains Millions of Small Diamonds
It is often said that there is unmatched brilliance and fire in a flawless diamond, but did you know that there are also millions of small diamonds in candle fire? A study conducted by a chemistry professor at the University of St. Andrews, Wuzong Zhou, found there are about 1.5 million diamond nanoparticles in a candle flame. If you want to add extra sparkle to your romantic evening or proposal, why not do it by candlelight where you will be in the presence of million little diamonds?
3. A Moon-Sized Diamond
Outer space continues to capture the imagination of many people across the globe and for good reason. From the countless stars twinkling in the night sky to planets in faraway galaxies to the mystery of the black hole, there is a lot we don’t know about our solar system. New discoveries are made every day. One of the most captivating discoveries was that there is a moon-sized diamond in our very own solar system. A celestial star nicknamed Lucy has a diamond at its center which was formed due to the extreme heat and compression of the star’s mass. This star holds a 10 billion trillion trillion-carat diamond and is located in the middle of the Centaurus constellation.
4. Diamonds Were Not Always Mined
A majority of diamonds today are mined from underground, found underseas, or even made in a lab with high-tech machinery and chemicals. Back in the old days though, this was not the case. Diamonds, much like gold, were found alongside river beds or at the bottom of rivers. Miners would sift through the water, keeping an eye out for the precious stone in a process called alluvial mining.
5. The Origins of the Word “Diamond”
The word “diamond” originates from the Greek word, “adamas” which means indestructible. This makes a lot of sense as the diamond is one of the strongest substances on the earth. To even cut through a diamond, you need another diamond.
6. The Eureka Diamond
One of the largest and most beautiful diamonds on earth is known as the Eureka Diamond. It was first discovered in South Africa by a 15-year old boy named Erasmus Stephanus. Specifically, the 21.25-carat diamond was found in the Orange River near Hopetown. The diamond was taken, cut and polished, and presently weighs an impressive 10.73-carats. The diamond is now on display at the Kimberley Mine Museum in South Africa after De Beers donated the diamond back to its country of origin.
7. Not All Diamonds Are White in Color
While most of us consider diamonds to be white or clear, diamonds come in a lot of different shades. For example, the Eureka diamond has a yellowish hue. While color on smaller diamonds may be considered unfavorable in today’s market, rarer diamonds are considered to have different shades. For example, diamonds of a red, blue, pink, orange, or green shade are considered extremely valuable and rare.
8. More Than 80% of Diamonds Are Mined for Industrial Purposes
Diamonds are one of the rarest gemstones on the planet and many people talk about how their numbers are dwindling. While this is true of diamonds that later become part of a piece of jewelry, this isn’t necessarily the case for diamonds as a whole. In fact, 80% of the world’s diamonds are mined for industrial use. For example, many diamonds are used to create equipment that can cut through steel.
9. Diamonds Used to Be Only Available to the Elite
Diamonds were not always available to the everyday person. In fact, in France, there was a law that was passed which indicated only the king could wear diamonds. Anyone caught wearing them who was not the king was severely punished, oftentimes paying for the offense with their life. This was because diamonds were exceptionally rare. It wasn’t until the discovery of diamonds in South Africa that diamonds become more readily available for non-royalty.
10. A Diamond Loses Up to 50% of Its Weight During the Cutting Process
A raw diamond is not ready to be put into the market. It takes a skillful hand, an eye for detail, and the cutting and polishing process to turn a rough diamond into a timeless gemstone. During the cutting and polishing process, a diamond will lose up to 50% of its original carat weight. While the diamond may not hold the same weight once done, it will be able to best display the fire and brilliance which has become a defining characteristic of the stone.
Your Diamond Experts
Looking to buy a timeless piece for your loved one? No matter what the occasion, a piece of diamond jewelry will capture the passion and fire that drives your relationship with your significant other or loved one. Let them know how special they are by investing in a diamond that is unique and one-of-a-kind just like them. The Diamond Brokers can help you find your forever diamond and a piece to go along with it. Whether it’s engagement rings, diamond necklaces, bracelets, or earrings, we are your go-to experts for anything diamond. Contact us today for more information or to schedule a consultation.